Back pain in the lumbar region: causes, what to do and how to treat severe back pain?

why my back hurts in the lumbar region

Everyone, sooner or later, faces such a problem as it islower back pain. According to statistics, more than half of illnesses are issued due to this diagnosis.

Causes of back pain

The most likely causes are various diseases of the spine - osteochondrosis, spondylarthrosis, sciatica. However, there are other factors:

  • Pathologies of internal organs;
  • Kidney, gastrointestinal tract diseases, urological problems;
  • Excessive strain on the spine;
  • Oncological diseases of organs located in the immediate vicinity of the lower back

Diagnosis of back pain

If alarming symptoms occur, consult a doctor immediately to rule out life-threatening conditions - they are very rare, but they do happen. Diagnosis consists of several stages:

  • Complete blood count and biochemistry - will show the presence / absence of an inflammatory process in the body
  • X-ray - diagnostics - aimed at examining the condition of intervertebral discs
  • MRI of the lumbar spine - will allow you to accurately examine the spine, spinal canal, determine the presence of stenosis
  • Ultrasound is a modern method that allows you to detect diseases without the use of harmful radiation.

According to the results of the research, the patient will be offered a consultation with a highly specialized specialist - neurologist, vertebrologist or chiropractor, who will prescribe further treatment.


Treatment of back pain is usually therapeutic. All procedures are performed only in the area of the source of pain. Surgical intervention is indicated only when there is a real danger to life.

Lower back pain in women

Among the fairer sex, back pain is quite common. It can be caused by disorders of the musculoskeletal system, as well as accompanying diseases, including gynecological ones.


According to statistics, back problems in women are 10% more common than in men. However, the number of requests for medical care (among women) is lower by 5%.

Causes of back pain in women:

  • Spinal problems - scoliosis, kyphosis, osteochondrosis, protrusions and disc herniations caused by increased load, sedentary work, hypothermia, as well as genetic predisposition
  • Periodic female conditions - menopause, menstruation, pregnancy
  • Inflammation of the pelvic organs, diseases of the kidneys and genitourinary system
  • Rare - neoplasms of the lumbar spine

Lower back pain in men

Back problems are the most common disease of the stronger sex. The pain usually occurs unexpectedly and is accompanied by severe attacks.

Main reasons:

  • Injuries are typical of men who lead an active lifestyle. The consequences of the damage may not appear immediately, but after a certain time.
  • Muscle inflammation - occurs with increased stress, weight lifting, injuries.
  • Spondylarthrosis - entrapment of nerve roots in the spinal canal
  • Weight problems - Excess weight puts extra strain on the back, creating constant tension in the muscles
  • Excessive work - a long stay in one position - more often, the specifics of professional activity
  • Diseases of the prostate, liver, kidneys

Treatment of lower back pain

Modern medicine provides a huge number of ways to treat back pain, both in hospitals, with the help of drugs, and without drugs on the affected areas.

Relieve back pain with medication

In most cases, with back disease, there is no obvious threat to life. Discomfort is delivered only by pain, limiting motor activity.

To alleviate the condition, the following were awarded:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - they will reduce swelling and pain;
  • Chondroprotectors - to improve the condition of intervertebral cartilage;
  • Hormonal drugs - used for blockades. They anesthetize quickly and retain their effect longer;

In addition to injections and tablets, topical therapies can be used - gels and ointments. But with severe pain, they are ineffective.


The nerve endings that are responsible for the main functions of our body pass through the spine. Their damage can lead to irreparable consequences. Therefore, there is no need to doubt the qualifications of the doctor conducting the treatment. This is the key to your health!

Treatment of back pain with physiotherapy

All procedures aimed at alleviating the pain syndrome and eliminating the cause of its occurrence are prescribed by a doctor based on the results of the examination.

All types (depending on the nature of the disease), types of massage, manual therapy, acupuncture have shown themselves very well - a point effect on the source of pain. They relieve stress and speed up blood flow.


In certain diseases, such as disc herniation, massage is performed under the control of an X-ray or is contraindicated at all!

Physiotherapy exercises, kinesiotherapy also cope perfectly with lumbar pain. Such treatment consists of an even load on the damaged areas of the back. By relaxing one part of the spine and creating tension in the other, optimal load balance is achieved.

Forced stimulation and muscle warming are very popular - electrophoresis, UHF, magnet. Such manipulations can be performed with or without the use of anti-inflammatory ointments and gels.


In case of confirmed oncological disease or in remission, physiotherapy with forced stimulation is contraindicated.

Take care of your health, do not cool down, control the load - this will prevent lower back pain. If back problems could not be avoided, do not be afraid to seek qualified help. It is much easier to solve the problem in the initial phase than to deal with a chronic disease.