A cross... a cross..., constant heaviness and the inability to straighten up. When comes the pain and no strength left to endure, you should think about the reasons. Problems in the lumbar spine is the main preconditions for the development of a number of diseases.
Factors that cause lumbar pain, a lot razglyadev the most common.
Uneven load distribution
Osteochondrosis – one of the punishments for the upright". This disease among species is striking in person. Walking on two legs gives a specific load on the spine and on the muscles that support it.
If the torso leans forward, as, for example, sedentary work, stress becomes even stronger. As modern people often, most of the time spend sitting, the disease has become very common.
Often the pathology of the affected office and academics, and also students and pupils.
Lack of exercise – lack of exercise
Another problem is the lack of sufficient movement. Accessible public and private transport, sedentary work – all this leads to improper load on the lumbar spine.
In addition, insufficient strengthen the muscles that support the spine. Sitting position gives an increased load on the lumbosacral spine. This deforms the cartilage tissue becomes the cause of lumbar osteochondrosis.
Under intense and physically heavy the work load on the spine becomes excessive. The same effect contribute to long-term exercise.
Particularly badly affected are the lumbar spine of professional athletes and dancers. Too high a load on the spine leads to abrasion of the intervertebral discs. Injury in an hour to take contribute to the formation of herniated discs.
Among those who like to keep fit, risk group are people who practice Jogging.
Most often, a resident of the city runs on hard and "nephrogenesis" asphalt surface. This leads to a lack of cushioning and additional injury of the lumbosacral spine.
Problems with posture
Perfect posture is rare and a sedentary lifestyle is not conducive to its formation. Because of this, the load is incorrectly distributed through the spine, suffer cartilaginous discs.
The cervical spine suffers from poor posture. The most pronounced disturbance of posture becomes with age. The elderly are at risk.
Congenital and acquired pathology of the musculoskeletal system
There are many diseases, including genetic, that make the back vulnerable.
Genetic predisposition may lead to increased fragility of the cartilage.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine in addition this may be a consequence of injuries keeps.
Among infectious diseases, more often, spine harm tuberculosis and osteomyelitis.
The flattened arch of the foot leads to a violation of the depreciation of the lumbar spine. Load, which cannot take foot, compensate for the intervertebral discs.
This leads to their accelerated wear and further degenerative disc disease.
Whatever the causes of excess weight, they lead to increased stress on the spine.
According to statistics, overweight people suffer from osteoarthritis more often than others.
All processes in the body vsamom POV Asan. A breach in one system pulls a lot of other pathologies. Risk of developing osteochondrosis affects people with diseases of the endocrine and cardiovascular systems. Some chronic inflammatory diseases, over time begin to affect the cartilage and bone.
A healthy lifestyle is the best prevention of any chronic disease.
Modern man is often not only leads a sedentary life but eat right.
Bad habits additionally weaken the body. High level of stress in modern life is another factor of vulnerability of the body. The result is an increased risk of developing lumbar degenerative disc disease.
Signs and symptoms
The main symptom of osteoarthritis is expressed by lumbar pain.
Patients with this condition often report fatigue and headaches.
Severe pain does not normally sleep in a comfortable position, which contributes to fatigue.
Often patients complain of discomfort and pain in the kidneys. Osteochondrosis may be accompanied by a violation of excretion of urine.
Important! The mild weakening of the muscular system leads to a shift of the internal organs of the pelvic area.
Frequent companion of degenerative disc disease of the lumbosacral women revealed prolapse of the uterus and displacement of the ovaries.
Men may experience reduced potency and deterioration of erection.
To diagnose the disease, physicians use research tools and diagnostic criteria.
The main groups of the following symptoms:
In osteochondrosis, the vertebrae become unstable relative to each other. The disks between them become thinner. The result is compression of the spinal cord roots during loading. Lumbar pain is very sharp and may radiate to the thigh, buttocks, leg and foot.
If pain man walking, leaning in the opposite direction from the disadvantaged side of the spine.
The pain can be so severe that entails the sweat and chills. Prolonged root compression impaired sensitivity of the limb. Soft muscles and skin can numbing. Numbness often is accompanied by tingling.
In addition to the roots, the pressure exposed blood vessels. First, the syndrome occurs periodically, but eventually becomes a constant companion of the patient. A characteristic symptom of this lesion is the so-called "intermittent claudication". It forces the person to walk slowly and to stop frequently to rest.
Pain and circulatory disorders cause deformation of the axial skeleton. This leads to violation of posture, which on the principle of vicious circle complicates the course of the disease.
Soft muscles that support the spine weaken even more. Later in the pathological process gradually involves all the departments of the musculoskeletal system of the body.
Pain syndrome of lumbar osteochondrosis
Pain is the first symptom of the disease.
At the initial stage of osteoarthritis, pain occurs during exercise and is strictly in the lower back. Often lumbar pain is weak, but constant.
Memory remember! The longer the disease lasts, the more pain.
When severe, the pain may occur even with a small load, which gives a cough.
Stage and extent of disease
Lumbar osteochondrosis is a disease that doesn't go itself without treatment progresses slowly. In this disease there are four stages of course.
Respectively, called the degree of degenerative disc disease.
Fibrous the lumbar intervertebral disc is injured, it the connections are cracked.
Deforming changes at this stage is insignificant. Often there are complaints of pain not just lower back, but in the heart. The pain occurs on the background of sharp movements and heavy loads.
Lumbar cartilage at this stage have already been destroyed stronger.
The distance between the vertebrae becomes smaller, this leads to pinched nerve roots.
The vertebrae are shifted relative to each other, this causes pain.
Discomfort in the keeps are marked. The pain takes the form of seizures, which are accompanied by sweating and subsequent chill.
There is a rupture of lumbar intervertebral disc hernia is formed.
Highly compressed blood vessels and nerve endings. The spine is markedly deformed, which leads to disruption of the arrangement and functioning of internal organs.
The fourth degree
This is the most severe stage of osteoarthritis of the lumbosacral spine.
Movement is difficult due to strong and irreversible deformation of the spine.
Pain can purchase of a minor character, but this improvement is spurious.
This stage of the disease leads to permanent disability.
The displacement of the pelvic organs can lead to urinary disorders and problems with the reproductive organs. For women, in particular, threatens to exacerbate disease during pregnancy.
On the background of compression of blood vessels and impaired blood flow may develop compression-vascular ischemia.
If her symptoms are greatly aggravated by any movement.
Often found protrusion of the intervertebral discs – they are bulging outside of the vertebrae. This condition further leads to the formation of herniated discs.
Another satellite degenerative disc disease – spondylosis and spondylos. When these complications in the vertebrae connections are bony growths in which the only effective surgical treatment.
Patients lumbosacral osteochondrosis often suffer from paresis of the feet.
The violation of innervation leads to loss of sensitivity and mobility in the region of the foot.
Without proper and timely treatment, lumbar degenerative disc disease will progress. This ultimately can lead to severe disability.
Therefore, it is very important time to begin conservative treatment of the disease.
Massage in osteochondrosis
Massage of the lumbosacral occurs only in the absence of severe pain and exacerbation of disease. This method allows to improve blood circulation in the lumbar region and relieve the spine. To perform it can only be prepared by an expert and strictly in the absence of contraindications.
Massage course can not be less than seven procedures, only in this case the effect. It is important to remember that massage is one of the components of treatment and not a full replacement.
Therapy shows high efficacy in the treatment of disease and restoration of health.
This is one of the most common methods of physical therapy. When the loads should take into account the physical fitness of a person.
Physiotherapy in the initial stages is always small and contains only a small load. If you increased pain when you proceed to more complex exercises, the load is reduced. Physical therapy requires careful attention to body position during the exercises.
To reduce the load on the back, under the lower leg of a lying patient puts a special roller.
When unexpressed pain, you start training with a light charge.
Even such simple exercises performed strictly after consultation and coaching with a specialist.
Such exercises can be performed during exacerbations.
Physical therapy helps to restore function of the spine and strengthen its supporting muscle groups. This reduces the risk of complications and improves mobility.
Massager for keeps
Massagers for keeps combine the advantages of physical therapy and massage.
An important feature is the possibility of self-application even at home. A method of treatment of the disease gives the opportunity to relax and stimulate the soft touch.
Massagers improve blood flow to the lower back and help relieve inflammation.
Wooden massagers have established ourselves as one of the best tools for self massage.
It is an economical, environmentally friendly and effective means of dealing with osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine. Smooth or acupuncture bolsters provide improvement of blood circulation and at the same time have a beneficial effect on nerve endings.
Constant and regular exercises with the massager significantly improve health and alleviate disease. Massager affects the musculoskeletal system is complex, which increases the effectiveness of therapy.
Some people prefer to treat the lumbar spine to use folk remedies. This approach can be used only in conjunction with the methods of classical medicine.
The use of natural herbs and oils can lead to relief of lower back pain.
Use external treatments: compresses, rubbing and baths. For General therapy using infusions and decoctions of herbs that are useful for musculoskeletal system.
It is important to remember that people's treatment should not can be used as the primary measures of therapy.
It does not lead to a complete deliverance from disease can only reduce the symptoms.
Pills, ointments and injections is one of the main methods of treatment of osteochondrosis.
Preparations have the following actions:
Often, especially during exacerbations, is used anti-inflammatory drugs.
Memory remember! Other drugs may be conducted strictly according to doctor's recommendations.
Without the proper indications of treatment may hurt instead of healing to lead to complications.
Prevention of lumbar osteochondrosis
What to look for, how to treat the disease, it is better to prevent.
The most important thing in the prevention of degenerative disc disease – support the correct load on the spine. It is important for as long as possible to be physiologically useful provisions.
Excess weight is another risk factor, when it is necessary to follow a diet. It is necessary to protect the spine from injury: do not do heavy and traumatic sport, with the hard work – to comply with safety regulations.
Any inflammatory disease of the time and finally propeciathis from the experts. It is important to monitor the weight and body posture in sedentary lifestyle – lack of exercise to adjust the exercise.
People with hereditary predisposition to diseases of the musculoskeletal system should be regularly tested by a doctor.
Good effect is given swimming lessons and the regular massaging keeps the.
Massager will not only help in the treatment of osteoarthritis, but also to prevent its development. The small size and ease of use make massage available anytime and anywhere.
Do in the army
The diagnosis of "Lumbar fusion" is not a guarantee of exemption from military service.
The first and second stages of the disease, lead to group date "B" — that is, a person fit for duty with minor limitations.
And the axis of the third and fourth degree are serious contraindications to the performance of military service. While recruits are assigned to group shelf "b" or "G".
In group "b" (often given in the third degree) a person is exempt from service in peace hour. Group "G" is given typically in the fourth, invalidusername degree of degenerative disc disease.
It makes a person totally unfit for service in the army, even in terms of military action.